Which one is better: Democracy or Military - Comrade Tunice


In the means of Covid-19 pandemic, the student union government of Osun State polytechnic, Iree, led by Comrade Raji Kehinde (Kenraj), organized an online lecture with the aspirant for NANA National President, Comrade Tunice, with a topic tagged "Which one is better: Democracy or Military" via one of the institution platform.

Comrade Yekeen Olawale (Jega OSHA), who was the chief host of the hangout session and the anchor, Comrade Francis, welcome the guest and ask him to introduce himself to the house.

I remain my humble self Comrade ADEKITAN LUKMAN ADEBISI TUNICE (SANS), One time Director Of Welfare at National Association Of Polytechnic Accountancy Students Federal polytechnic Ede chapter Osun State, One Time PRO NANS JCC Osun Axis, One time Chairman NANS JCC Osun State Axis, and also the immediate Coordinator Of NANS "ZONE D" (south west) that comprises the six state we're having in our south west region.

Good evening everybody I stand on the protocol that converged us all here tonight.

Going straight to the issue at hand. What is Democracy?

By the most popular definition of Abraham Lincoln,  Democracy is the government of the people , by the people and for the people, Also Democracy is considered the best form of government in the world. In a democratic state, people are believed to have power in their hands, and people decide how to rule the country. Simply, It is government of the people by the people and for the people.

What is military rule?

Military rule - is political regime when the power is concentrated in the hands of the military as an organization. It is believed to be one of the types of the authoritarian regime because at the time of military rule human rights are noticeably limited.
Let's have a brief into Democracy

Democracy is a form of government where people have power to participate in the government. The word “democracy” comes from Greek and means dēmos 'the people' + kratia 'power rule According to Oxford dictionary, democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives: In this process, any individual or group can be favored, as Lincoln said, “Elections belong to the people. It's their decision. If they decide to turn their back on the fire and burn their behinds, then they will just have to sit on their blisters. (Abraham Lincoln, 1809-1865). A system of parliamentary democracy.” Democracy principles are: All citizens are equal—they have equal rights and duties. The rules are applied equally and fairly to all and not just a few. The majority rules but the rights of the minority and absent members are protected. Citizens have the right to know what is going on within the government. Politicians and leaders are elected through the process of election.

Aristotle also gave his view when he said that “in a democracy, the poor will have more power than the rich, because there are more of them, and the will of the majority is supreme” (Aristotle, 384 - 322 BC). What he said define the most basic principle of democracy, which is equality before the law, it means that a rich and a poor will have the same rights and duties, any of them will be favored.

The main features of military rule are:

-- The concentration of power in the hands of the military ruler.

-- A significant limitation or complete absence of democratic rights and freedoms.

-- Willful violation of constitutional proclamation of rights and freedoms in the pretext of restoring and maintaining order in the country.

-- The military government can resort to weapons for resolving any conflict. People lose any right to express their opinion and have to suffer under the pressure of armed people.

The characteristics of democracy are:

-- People are the highest form of political power; they have a right to choose and to be chosen.

-- Mass media and citizens have a right to express themselves; people can even organize meetings.

-- The law protects the rights of the citizens.

-- The rule of law prevails.

-- The separation of powers into executive, legislature and judicial branches.

However, military rule has positive sights:

-- The rulers have no other choice but maintain and sponsor some projects, the civilian government forgets about in peaceful times.

-- The military rule includes severe discipline, that factually “destroys” corruption and bureaucracy.

With this, YOU ALL WILL AGREE WITH ME THAT DEMOCRACRTIC SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IS FAR BETTER THAN THE MILITARY SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT.

Taking Nigeria as a case study that have experienced both form of system ( Democracy and Military), the advantage of Democracy over Military rules in relation to human rights are as follows; Military rule in Nigeria started for the first time in 1966 – a several years after obtaining the independence. The matter was that Nigeria was in an infantile state, and it was necessary to adjust the governing so that all citizens were satisfied.
There were several coup d’états against the existing government of the grounds of ethnicity, discontentment and many other reasons. It is quite clear that military rule was not the best period in the life of Nigerian people.

1. The right to vote

The military rule usually begins with the armed seizure of the governing power. Government are usually hijacked by force during military rules.

2. The right to express one’s point of view

Military rule press is characterized by propaganda. All mass media (including radio, television, Internet) work for the government only. People can not organize demonstrations and meetings because they will be punished. During the military rule, many people were tortured because of their opposition to the government. Democracy predisposes the freedom of speech and pluralism of opinions. Meetings organized by people will be taken into account, and people will be listened to because the government depends on people.

3. The right to live

In the period of the military rule in Nigeria, many people were killed and tortured. They were not protected by the law or police. In the democratic conditions, all citizens are supposed to be protected by the law, and all people are supposed to be equal in the court.

Other advantages of democracy over military rule in Nigeria include.

4.  Democracy is stable. People appreciate peace that is why the regime that presupposes no peace provokes mass dissatisfaction. The problem of Nigerian military rule consists in its durability. It took thirty-three years for the state to become democratic! That is why it is still so difficult to recover from the consequences of revolutions, blood spilling, and instability.

5.  Democracy is the best way to implement the social and political system in a society with constantly changing living conditions without revolutionary explosions and upheavals.

6.  Government is stable in a democratic state. Unlike the military rule, you will never wake up and hear the name of a new ruler of the country. Democracy brings stability. At least, in the democratic state, you will go to bed thinking that tomorrow will be a different day!.

7. Democracy promotes the idea of national identity, of national pride, while military rule destroys it. Many people tend to leave the country with military rule.

Other advantages of Democracy are as follows:

--The principle of separation of powers into legislative, executive and judicial limits the arbitrariness of power. With the development of civil society, some media have a significant influence on the government.

-- There are institutions of control over the activities of the state. First of all, this is a universal electoral system, due to which citizens have the opportunity to limit the governmental power. The control function is also performed by the judicial system, which is supposed to be independent. Besides, it promotes the equality of all people as far as the law is concerned

-- Democratic political systems sharply limit the possibility of over power of the individual. The power of groups is growing stronger. When people elect their deputies (representatives) to rule the governmental structures then, in fact they form the elite – the group of people with different opinions.

-- In a democracy, pluralism of opinions is supported. Any repressions are condemned. It forces the authorities to listen to the views of various sections of society and various political forces.

--  One more thing among all benefits of democracy is that you can organize processions, protests, demonstrate your opinion. An inconsistent minority can sometimes be a carrier of alternative goals and ways to achieve them. If people like and accept new ideas presented by the minority, the minority may become the majority and change the state. So it promotes changes and gives a chance to the revolution.

-- Democracy creates specific opportunities for representatives of the people who are able to direct the efforts of the state to the solution of the problems of the society. It involves people into political education and promotes responsibility among all groups of society.

-- One of the greatest benefits of democracy is election.

Merits of democracy:

-- Members of the government try to participate in social activities, to be closer to people and to win their sympathy.

-- With the introduction of democracy, the public became more educated in political, economic, and social matters.

-- People become more patriotic in their national unity and sometimes even form revolutionary power to change the rulers of the country.

-- People and media have the freedom of speech and influence the government.

As far as Democracy is still the best, it also ha it's own disadvantage as follows;

Disadvantages of democracy

-- The first and most significant disadvantage of democracy – THERE IS NO PURE DEMOCRACY! No model of democracy will create a mechanism of democracy, when "all power belongs to the people," since this is infeasible. The citizens consist of various social groups that have their own specific interests.

-- In democratic conditions, the decision-making process may take a long time. Even if we are not speaking about the national voting, it takes some time for deputies/congress/people’s representatives to vote to apply the law. Sometimes, the decision must be made immediately.

-- Corruption often appears in democratic countries because people always look for personal interests. There are too many establishments in the democratic state, and the leaders who possess this minor power may take advantage of their position.

-- For the democratic society, quantity is more important than quality. The majority of people have no idea about the governmental processes and often chose wrong candidates, usually loved by masses. That is why an actor who has nothing to do with politics but who loved by the masses has more chances to win than an intelligent young and unknown politician.

-- There is no severe punishment for terrible crimes and terrorism.

-- Many people are lazy to take part in elections and are not encouraged by the government.

-- Elections are expensive.

-- Corruption, and so on.

After he end his lecture, all the the Comrade who are opportune to be on the platform appreciate, Tunice for his expensive talk.

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